私人化粪池系统是一种具有成本效益的处理生活污水的方法. 在这一节中, 你可在此找到有关私人化粪池系统污水管理的资料, 包括现场废水系统的卫生, 节约用水, 过滤, 和滴灌. Tips on using dyes and tracers to confirm septic system failures – as well as obtaining funding for repairs – can also be found.
私人化粪池系统在农村地区很常见. 通常，它们由两个主要部分组成——化粪池和排水道. 在设计和建造之前，重要的是 评估土壤性质 在现场. Soil evaluation helps increase the likelihood that the system will perform properly for longer.
To further ensure new and exciting systems keep operating adequately – as well as to prevent system failure – proper 腐败的系统管理 是必需的. 房主被建议减少家里的用水量， 避免冲洗不可降解物品 进入排水渠，避免在排水渠内种植树木或灌木. 除了, the septic tank should be inspected regularly by a professional and pumped out when necessary.
On-lot wastewater systems are three-stage treatment systems that include a treatment tank, 分布系统(管道), 和土壤吸收面积.
The treatment tank is responsible for removing most of the solids found in the wastewater. 然后管道将处理池的污水输送到土壤吸收区, 在哪里它可以被吸收到土壤中并被修复.
在宾夕法尼亚州, 设计标准 for on-lot wastewater systems were established to avoid potential health issues caused by improperly sited or 系统功能不佳. 地面重力吸收区, 例如, can be placed on soils with percolation rates between 6 - 60 minutes per inch and land slopes that do not exceed 25%.
二次或生物, 废水处理 可以通过各种过滤或高级处理单元(FATU)来实现. FATUs approved for use in PA are designed to either pass wastewater through an aerobic layer of media or treat the flowing wastewater as it comes into contact with the media.
在 房地产交易, many homeowners are concerned about whether the wastewater system is properly located and maintained. 在宾夕法尼亚州, on-lot wastewater systems are typically inspected by a local Sewage Enforcement Officer (SEO) or an inspector certified by the 污水处理协会(PSMA).
seo关注的是系统故障, 同时允许和监督新的现场污水处理系统的安装. PSMA-certified检查员, including most septic tank pumpers, focus on the overall health and condition of the system. They are trained to recognize impending malfunctions and examine septic tanks to ensure all baffles and pipes are functioning correctly.