饮用及居住用水

关于饮用水和居住用水

A safe supply of drinking 和 residential water is vital to human health. Penn State Extension provides a wide array of resources to help you test 和 treat drinking water, 建设和管理私人水井, 和 improve 水的质量. Advice is also available on conserving water 和 lowering your water bill.

宾夕法尼亚的安全饮用水

In the United States, drinking water comes from either a groundwater or surface water supply. 因为这两种来源都是天然的, water is often exposed to pollutants such as bacteria 和 nitrates. This is why the 美国环境保护局(EPA) has established research-based Safe Drinking 水 St和ards for community water supplies. These st和ards outline the amount of each pollutant that is safe in drinking water.

瓶装水是由 美国食品及药物管理局. FDA规定制定指导方针 bottled 水的质量,以及 product labeling 和 manufacturing practices.

In Pennsylvania, the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) has further set 饮用水水质标准, permit requirements, construction st和ards, 和 public notification requirements. 巴勒斯坦权力机构 安全饮用水局 is responsible for implementing both the state 和 federal 规定.

对水上安全有疑问吗? 加入 Q 和 A 水 Webinar to learn more about drinking water from Penn State Extension experts.

饮用水质量、检测与处理

While drinking 水的质量 generally varies depending on the conditions of the source 和 the treatment it receives, it must still meet EPA’s 水的质量 规定. Private wells 和 water systems, however, are not covered by EPA’s guidelines. Private well owners are responsible for testing the water, interpreting the results,并在必要时调整系统.

了解更多 about residential water testing in the Testing 和 Treatment section. Penn State Extension provides further resources on treatment processes 对于家庭饮用水, 私人供水中的硝酸盐, 和 management of 常见水质问题.

节约饮用水和居民用水

水 conservation plays an important role in protecting the environment, 提供安全饮用水, 和 攒钱. Using less water further reduces the pressure on the water delivery 和 wastewater treatment systems.

Reducing water pollution is another crucial factor. Pollutants such as salt, chemicals, 和 manure can make water difficult to treat 和 use. Learn what your community can do to conserve water 和 decrease drinking water pollution in the 水 Conservation guide.

中访问更多资源 Supply 和 Conservation section. Tips can be found on saving water indoors,以及 conserving water outside 家.

私人水井和供水系统

在美国,许多人从 private water systems, such as wells 和 cisterns. With private water wells, water enters 家 through pipes connected to an underground water source located on the property.

While the Pennsylvania DEP does not regulate privately-owned water supplies, they do provide information for homeowners on subjects such as well contaminants, maximum contaminant levels, 和 water treatment devices.

Additional recommendations for managing private residential 和 drinking water systems can be obtained through Penn State Extension. 上的资源 household spring water issues, adequate 私人水井的维修 和蓄水池一样,恰到好处 well construction are available.