水 is an abundant resource in Pennsylvania. There are nearly 86,000 miles of rivers and streams and thousands of lakes, ponds, and wetlands. We have lots of water for drinking, recreation, agriculture, and industry. However, over a third of those lakes and a fifth of those streams are classified as impaired. They are unable to support aquatic life or be used for recreation, 鱼的消费量, 或饮水.
The biggest source of water pollution in Pennsylvania is stormwater runoff. It is difficult for rainwater and melting snow to soak into the ground due to all the developed surfaces we have created. This causes excess stormwater to run downhill and into our streams, lakes, and rivers. 径流并不是单独流动的. It picks up pollutants like salt, soil, manure, and chemicals. 这些污染物来自农村, 城市, and 郊区 places alike—parking lots, 建筑工地, 农场, 草坪, or any other land the water flows over. Contaminated water harms aquatic habitat, takes away opportunities for fishing and boating, 对人体健康造成危害, and makes water more difficult and expensive to treat and use.
Your neighbors and your community may already be taking big steps to help reduce water pollution. 农民, 城镇和城市, 企业, and homeowners are using practices on their land to help protect our waterways. Many of these practices may look unfamiliar and go unnoticed. Recognizing what to look for is a first step to appreciating the good work being done for water all around you.
在本指南, you will discover some of the most popular practices being used in 城市, 郊区, 和农村地区. By noticing and appreciating the progress being made, we can all be part of protecting our local water.
This guide includes some of the most popular best management practices for water quality. Pictures of each practice from different perspectives and in different settings will help you narrow it down. But every site is unique and what you find in your community may look different from what you see here.
The 清洁水路边指南 includes information on:
帮助你导航, tips include where you might find these practices in 城市 (cities or other highly populated) areas, 郊区 (郊区 or residential) areas, or rural (农场 and other rural) areas. Tips are also included on how these practices benefit your community. 它们包括:
- 气候变化: Promotes climate change resiliency
The development of the 清洁水路边指南 was supported by a grant from the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection - Environmental Education Grants Program