蘑菇

关于蘑菇

种植蘑菇可能是一项令人兴奋的任务, 但这也需要时间, 投资, 和适当的管理. With 体育外围平台, learn all there is to know about mushroom production. Find educational resources on managing 底物s and controlling pests and diseases. In addition, access tips on how to manage and market your mushroom business.

宾夕法尼亚州的蘑菇生产

有着悠久的蘑菇种植传统, the state of Pennsylvania is currently the main mushroom producer in the United States. 根据 农业部, the state accounts for an annual production of over 435 million pounds, valuing more than $440.每年700万. 几乎不止如此 三分之二的白纽扣蘑菇 consumed in the US come from farms located in the Commonwealth.

目前, there are 68 Pennsylvania-based mushroom farms, with the largest concentration in the Southeastern region. The mushroom farming community is an important local economic factor that contributes approximately $2.7 billion, including taxes, sales, and farm employment.

类型的蘑菇

大约有300个 可食用的蘑菇种类只有30只被驯化. Button mushrooms are by far the most popular type in the US. They include three main varieties – white button, cremini, and portabella – depending on the time of harvest and degree of maturity. The mushrooms that first appear are known as white buttons. As they grow and develop a brown tint, they are categorized as cremini. The fully grown mushrooms are called portobello.

Other common commercially produced mushroom types include shiitake, enoki, and 牡蛎. If you are curious to discover how to grow shiitake mushrooms, join 体育外围平台’s hands-on 蘑菇种植者学校. 涉及的主题包括树的选择, 叠加, 果期, 以及市场营销和业务规划.

开办一个商业蘑菇农场

While each type of mushroom has its own specific growing needs, there are three basic parts that you will need to start a farm – a laboratory, 准备区域, 和成长空间.

一般来说,有 种植蘑菇的六个主要步骤 -制作堆肥, 对堆肥进行巴氏杀菌和调理, 产卵, 套管, 锁住, 和种植. To begin the process of growing mushrooms, you will need a spawn to start the culture and a 底物 (growing medium) such as hay, corn cobs, and straw.

Each production cycle takes about 14 weeks to complete with an expected yield of up to 8 pounds per square foot. The final yield typically depends on production factors such as monitoring and 防治蘑菇病虫害、温度和湿度.

体育外围平台 provides a number of valuable resources and workshops for aspiring producers. 了解更多 about running a successful farm with the 蘑菇短期课程 and access technical information on mushroom diseases, pest management, and composting with the 商业蘑菇种植者手册.